Hissha stands for Hearty, Intelligent, Scrupulous, Sophisticated, Hilarious, and Art-minded. Hissha is from Japanese means writer. Paragraph Writing Class - English Learning and Teaching 2012 - State University of Malang

 Good Age to Start Learning English
          There is a myth that young children are the best second language learners.  Probably that myth is the reason why there are so many schools that teach English at an early stage like in the 3rd grade of  an elementary school or even at kindegarten. However, is it really  true that young children are the best learners of second language? Let us compare the capability of  learning a second language between children, teenager, and adult.
          Is childhood a good time to learn English as a second language? The answer is no. According to Bloom’s taxonomy, children whose age are from 4 up to 11 still need to develop their other skills which is more important, three of the skills are cognitive, affective, and psychomotor. Cognitive, is a skill that domain in knowledge and understanding, and for children it revolve around basic knowledge and basic comprehension. Affective domain is describe the way people react emotionally and how they manage their emotions, and children are emotionally unstable and they need to train their emotion a lot. The last is the psychomotor domain which is the ability to physically manipulate a tool or an instrument, and children need to train their physical ability to give perfection to their movement. Based on the explanation of the three skills above, we know that learning second language is not one of the main skill children should develop. Therefore, we could assume that childhood is not a good time to learn English as a second language.
          The best language learners are actually teenagers. There are lots of factors that make teenagers as the best second language learners, three of the most important factors are they have enough basic skills, they have mastered their first language; and they know the importance of second language. The most important fact is that teenagers already have enough basic skills in affective, cognitive, and psychomotor skills. That is why if they start to learn a second, language it will not distrub their basic skill development and  it actually help them to promote their cognitive skill development. The second prominent thing is teenagers have already mastered their first language or they mother language. When we teach a second language to children who not mastered their first language yet , it will distrub their language learning, and in most cases it will make them unable to completely master both language. The last important factor is teenagers awarenes of  the second language. Most teenagers have already know the importance of learning second language and they areeager to learn another language. Compared to children who does not have a strong reason to learn a second language, teenagers will have better resultat learning second language because they have stronger reason to learn it. Based on the fact above, we know that teenagers are the best learner of  the second language because they are ready to learn it.

          How about adult capability in learning a second language? Actually adult readiness in learning a second language is as good as a teenager does. However, an adult is at a disadvantage compared to teenager. There are few things that cause adult disadvantages, some of  them are time, facility, and memory. Adult have less time to studying. They have lot more things to do, like working for example. On the other hand, teenagers have more free time than adult does and it give them more time to learn something such as another language. The other difference is facility. Adults have less facility when they want to learn another language. They have to learn it by themself or take a language class. As for teenagers, they have more facilities. The most obvious one is school. They can study another language at school with all of it facility, and if they want more they, can take a class outside of school. Another difference is memorizing capability. We are sure know that adult is having harder time in memorizing something, and to learn another language they need to memorize lots of new words and also new language structure.  Most  adults will spend more time to learn new language than teenager does. On the other hand, it is easier for teenagers to learn a new language. Their ability to memorizing is better than adults does and they spend less time to learn. Therefore, even though adults are as ready as teenagers in learning a second language, teenagers still have more advantages than adult and it is better to learn another language since teenage.
          In conclusion, from the information above we learn that the best time to learn a new language is at teens period.That is why, teaching a second language should be started at junior high not on elementary school. It is not wrong to teach a children a second language because most of the time they will have a better native fluecy. However, we should not teach a second language intensively to children because it may also distrub the development of their first language.


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