Hissha stands for Hearty, Intelligent, Scrupulous, Sophisticated, Hilarious, and Art-minded. Hissha is from Japanese means writer. Paragraph Writing Class - English Learning and Teaching 2012 - State University of Malang

By : Mirzatus Solikhah (120221414998)

The moment hearing your baby’s first word would be exciting. Child language development is an incredible journey. As time goes by, that first word will grow up into a sentence and then finally it will become such a conversation. There are eight typical-language-skill steps from 0 month until 6 years old. Firstly, at the age of 0 to 6 months, crying in different ways to say that they hurt, wet, hungry, or lonely. They will make noises to voice displeasure or satisfaction. For instance, they babble through laughing and cooing. That sound will be heard such as ah, ah, ah. In this step, they start to recognize and look for familiar voices and sounds. Those voices might be from the parents’ voice, any instrument, etc. Secondly, at the age of 6 to 12 months, they will respond to name. They are able to understand some of familiar objects. For example, ball, book, and chair. Then they show interest in picture book and pay attention to the conversation. They might be able to say his first word in this step. Maybe they say “Ma-ma” or “Da-da”. Thirdly, at the age of 12 to 18 months, they will be able to identify family members and familiar objects. They might recognize his mother, father, brother(s) or sister(s). They shall point to few body parts such as nose, ears, and eyes. They will imitate familiar noises like cars, planes, birds and repeat a few words they know. They will look at the person talking and ask for something by pointing or using one word. If reminded, they will say “Hi” or “Bye”. Moreover, they start to be able to identify an object in a picture book. Fourthly, at the age of 18 months to 2 years, they say about 50 words, though they could understand much more. They use two to three word sentences like “Daddy bye-bye,” “All gone”. In addition, they use the words “Bye,”Hi,” “Please,” and “Thank you” if prompted. They hum or try to sing simple songs and listen to short rhymes or finger plays. It is also the step when they often echo single words which are spoken by someone else. They will talk to self and jabber expressively. Fifthly, at the age of 2 to 3 years, they could identify up to 10 pictures in a book when objects are named. They repeat words are spoken by someone else. They use some simple phrases and sentence. Furthermore, they start to say plural and past tense words. They also respond when called by name and respond to simple directions. In this step, their vocabularies expand up to 500 words. They enjoy with stories, rhymes, and songs. They enjoy looking at books too. Sixthly, at the age of 3 to 4 years, they will be able to talk so 75 to 80 percent of speech is understandable. For instance, they could introduce themselves by saying their own first and last name. They understand the location like over, under, on, in together with understanding now, soon and later. They could talk in complete sentences of 3 to 5 words: “Mommy is drinking a juice.” “There is a big dog.” Additionally, they are able to identify common colours such as black, white, yellow, and green. Seventhly, at the age of 4 to 5 years, they recognize some letters if taught and may be able to print own name. They speak in fairly complex sentences-“The baby ate the cookie before I could put it on the table.Further, they adapt language to listener’s level of understanding. To baby sister: “Daddy go bye-bye.” To mother: “Daddy went to the store.” They much learns talking and carrying on elaborate conversation.  Moreover, they love to tell jokes which may not make any sense to adults. Last, at the age of 5 to 6 years, they speak with correct grammar and word form. They express self in pretend play. Then they are able to write first name, some letters, and number. They are also able to read simple words such as ant, fish, frog. In conclusion,  language is an awesome skill for children to master, and it is a development that many parents really look forward to. The best way to encourage your child’s speech and language development is to talk together frequently and naturally.

E-book :
Oesterreich, Lesia. 2004. Understanding Children: Language development, extension family life specialist. Lowa State University.

 Farida's Boring Life

          Some people complain that their lives seem to be flat and uneventful. They believe that their lives are boring and colorless. However, actually it is not. Farida is one of the examples. When she was 10 years old, she began to take an interest in reading and writing a story. She was even able to write a complete short story in such a young age. Her likeness to read and write a story also made her understanding toward Indonesian language better. She got the first place in an Indonesian language competition in her sub district. However, she only managed to get a second place in her district competition. At the age of 13, she began to grow interest in reading and writing a poem. Her poem was really good. As a result, she was chosen to read one of her poems in her junior high graduation. At her time in junior high, she also made a best friend which made her life more colorful by having someone to share her happiness and sadness with. When she was 15 years old, her life started to become more colorful than before. She joined a nature lovers group, and having lot of group activities, like discussion, group meeting, and camping. Not only joining a nature lovers group, she also joined a student council. Here she began to learn how to organize an event. She even had chosen to organize a school event which was only held once every three years. Therefore, even if she sees her life as a regular and uneventful life, her life is actually colorful with all of her activities, accomplishment, and her achievements. 

Kunta Billah

Kunta Billah

            I am going to present the information about the development of a language in children. The explanation below presents typical child's language development. There is a wide range of a normal development. Most children will not follow the step on my explanation. It is presented so parents will know what to expect from a child language development. If a child language development seems to be significantly behind, their parents should talk with child’s physician regarding their questions and concerns. The toddler year which is from 1 to 3 years of age, is the start of child understanding toward language. They start to learn about words in their surroundings. They are also able to understand an object without necessarily presenting the object, and at this stage they are able to reason a simple question, such as why they are hungry, thirsty, or sleepy. The next stage is play stage which is from age 4 up to 6. In this stage their language is more developed. They can understand antonym and synonym easily. They should be able to tell the synonym of beginning is start, while the antonym of beginning is end. In addition, other than knowing the similar and opposite word, they are able to give a time signal for an event, such as minutes, quarter hour, and half hour.  The last stage we are going to discuss is the primary school stage which is from 7 to 12 years of age. In this stage children should be able to tell the difference between past, present, and future. They are also able to read easily, and able to write a simple composition. Generally speaking, they can carry on a conversation at a rather adult level, and is able to control rate, pitch, and volume when they speak. In conclusion, this is a general language development in children. However, it is fine if a child progress is faster than it should be, but if a child development is late, parents should consult to child’s physician regarding this matter.



It is really not about me, but it is about us. We are from the same class. You are free to comment and share. Do not be hesitant to contact us. We are welcome to have a friendship. Enjoy reading! :)
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